Normally in the orchard and in the home garden few interventions

Normally in the orchard and in the home garden few interventions are carried out using low toxic products or of natural origin but, not for this, we must carry out these operations lightly. We summarize the “basic rules” that should never be overlooked.

choose and dose the products carefully, always following the instructions on the label: maximum dosages, plants on which they can be used. Every time you perform a treatment wear protective clothing (overalls, gloves, goggles, mask equipped with suitable filters)
Pay close attention during the preparation phase of the mixture as you come into contact with the pure product. Carry out these operations outdoors, or in any case not in domestic premises, wearing the aforementioned protective equipment Wash and change as soon as the treatment is finished Finally, it is appropriate to recall some general but no less essential indications.

During the flowering of the treated plants or the underlying turf, it is forbidden to use toxic products for bees and other pollinating insects
With high temperatures, treat preferably in the morning or in the evening to avoid product losses by evaporation or possible phenomena of phytotoxicity on the vegetation Perform the treatment on windless days to avoid “drift”, that is the movement of the pesticide cloud on nearby plants and areas Avoid carrying out treatments near vegetables or other products close to harvest, otherwise protect them with a waterproof sheet Always scrupulously respect the waiting time.

Deficiency time, or safety interval = number of days that must pass between the use of the plant protection product and the harvest of the fruit. It is always indicated on the label.

The plant pharmacy

The products used to protect plants are often presented in a derogatory sense with the term “pesticides”, from the transposition of the English term “pesticide”, exploiting the assonance with the Italian term for plague. In reality, a correct translation could be pesticide, since “pest” in English means adversity.

Better then to talk about phytosanitary devices or “pesticides”, agricultural drugs, since these are products that are used to defend and treat plants.

To be more precise, there are two different categories of crop protection products: phytosanitary products for ornamental plants (PPO) for free sale in gardens or supermarkets, and actual phytosanitary products, usable in the defense of cultivated plants, available in authorized resellers.

As in the case of drugs for human use, there are also risks or abuses in the use of agropharmaceuticals but, not for this reason, they must be demonized or rejected a priori. Phytoology (the science of plant defense) has considerably evolved and continues to progress with the introduction of increasingly safe defense systems and means for the environment, users and consumers. This does not mean that we can use crop protection products without any precaution or preparation.

Plant protection products are classified into 5 categories, based on acute toxicity, which measures the immediate effects if the product is ingested. For the purchase of plant protection products falling within the first three classes, a specific authorization is required: the “license”, issued by the Provincial Agriculture Departments after having attended a course and passed a specific exam.